Chichen-itza, Incredible … 1 of the seven wonders of the world!
MANY YEARS AGO…
The city of Chichén-itzá (Chichén ‘mouth of the well’ itzá ‘of the Itzáes’ Mayan people who inhabited these lands) founded around the 6th century AD.
It was the most important Mayan city at a cultural, political and religious level in the north of the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico, very close to where the meteorite that put an end to the dinosaurs fell millennia ago.
In the 9th century AD. After the invasion of the Toltecs, a mostly warrior people, in Chichén-itzá many of its cultural and religious aspects were fused, one of the most representative was the veneration of the serpent god ‘Kukulcán’ that gave its name to the now famous pyramid and new wonder of the world.
The city of about 30 square kilometers was divided into the ceremonial and political center of about 8 square kilometers surrounded by finely decorated and brightly painted palaces where the royal caste lived, the total population was around 100,000, very close to the century. In the 14th century the city was totally abandoned for no specific reason, only in the 2nd centuries before the arrival of the Spanish in the New World.
KUKULCAN THE FEATHERED SERPENT GOD
The main structure of the complex is El Castillo or Pyramid of the god Kukulkan ‘The feathered serpent’, with a base of 60 meters per side it rises to a height of 24 meters, thus reaching the terrace that supports the temple that raises its walls eight meters more.
Each front of the pyramid has a staircase with 91 steps, which on its four sides plus the upper platform add up to 365, the same number of days as our current calendar. At the end of the stairs there are two huge snake heads that during the spring (March 21) and autumn (September 22) equinoxes, the effect of the shadows of the stairs and the glare of sunlight show us the spectacular descent of the god Kukulcán to earth.
In 1930, the existence of an internal pyramid was verified, which kept an impressive statue of Chac Mool, the god of water and rain, created in stone with fine bone inlays, which kept a sculpture of a jaguar carved in one piece. stone painted blood red with open jaws and jade eyes.
This pyramid, as well as the other surrounding structures, tells us about the great capacity of the Mayans in mathematics, astronomy, geometry and acoustics.
THE GREAT AND ENIGMATIC MAYAN CULTURE
Entering the city of Chichén-Itzá is like traveling back in time and discovering this dream setting between culture and astronomy, between deities and nature, architecture and mathematics, is like traveling back centuries among inconceivable monuments, the Game de Pelota, the Sacred Cenote, the god Chaac, the House of the Nuns, the Feathered Serpent, but it is also traveling to the stars from the snail, the name given by the Spanish to this exact and majestic Mayan observatory, knowing the cycles of Venus , the Tzolkin or sacred calendar, the Haab or solar cycle, the long count of 5200 years or the count of the lords of the night of 9 days, we will find ourselves between astronomical cycles and mathematical observations, between powerful deities and enigmatic myths, between the culture and time, between life and death, this is Chichén-Itzá, this is Mexico and this is yours.