The city of Cobá was one of the main settlements of the Yucatan peninsula and the Petén of Guatemala, its name in Mayan means abundant water, this because the city was in the middle of several lakes, which supplied the vital liquid to Its inhabitants, this place was already inhabited before 300 BC, but its development and social, political and demographic growth was not until the 5th century AD, in its time of splendor its population reached more than 50,000 inhabitants in a territorial extension of 85 km. Squares, all this in the classic period of the Mayan culture, Cobá is located 50 km from Tulum and 90 km from Chichén-Itzá.
One of the main temples that Coba remains to this day is the pyramid of Nohoch-Mul which has an impressive 42 meters high, the tallest structure in the Yucatecan peninsula and an unequivocal sign of its importance in the area, another of the main buildings is the observatory, Xaibé in the Mayan language, it has four levels that represent the seasons of the year, while its central staircase has 20 steps that represent the 20 days of the month in the Mayan calendar.
Nohoch-Mul, which translated into Spanish means large mound, is the name of this temple sacred to the Mayans and to which it is still possible to climb on foot to its upper platform, from which we can see the vastness of the Mayan Riviera, another important pyramid For this complex is the so-called Church, a name that it receives thanks to the pilgrimages of the nearby communities that come here to leave their offerings, in addition to the pyramids you will find various murals corresponding to the last periods of the Mayan civilization, one more attraction is the Stelae engraved in stone and that among their inscriptions archaeologists have interpreted data such as the date of 2012 as the year in which a new era began and the long count of the Mayan calendar ended.
The cenotes and lakes that are in the surroundings of this emblematic Mayan location will be the delight of nature lovers, since thanks to the INAH (National Institute of Anthropology and History) most of these territories are protected.
All roads lead to Rome, the old saying goes, and both in Rome and in the ancient Mayan towns, the roads were life and progress, they were war and domination, since thanks to the communication that these roads provided for their communities, they were used as much for peace and commerce, as for war and destruction.
In ancient times, the Mayans had roads from their important cities to the different communities in their territory and to the coast to transport their goods by sea, these roads are called in the Mayan language Sak Bé and translated into Spanish means White Road, this due to that were built with limestone and covered with a white powder to give them a finish of that color.
During its golden age, the city of Cobá dominated an extensive territory and became independent from the Guatemalan peten cultures, and centuries later those roads that it built for its trade and domination of the area would be its downfall before the peoples from Chichen-itza and the north of Yucatan that influenced by the ruling castes of the center of the country such as the Aztecs and the Teotihuacan peoples, culturally and politically more advanced, will crush the traditional Mayan peoples, imposing their culture and politics on the Peninsula.